Chile is a major wine-producing country with a diverse range of wine styles. The climate in Chile is heavily influenced by the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains, producing a wide range of wine styles, from crisp whites to full-bodied reds.
Chile is known for its signature grape variety, Carmenere, which is a red grape that was originally thought to be Merlot. Other red grape varieties grown in Chile include Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, and Pinot Noir. Cabernet Sauvignon is particularly successful in the Maipo Valley, while Syrah thrives in the warmer regions of the Colchagua Valley and the northern Elqui Valley.
Chilean white wines are known for their crisp acidity and refreshing flavors. Sauvignon Blanc is widely planted and grown in regions such as the Casablanca and Leyda Valleys, producing wines with citrus and tropical fruit flavors. Chardonnay is also grown in many regions throughout Chile, producing wines with flavors of apple, pear, and tropical fruit.
Chilean winemakers are also experimenting with other grape varieties such as Viognier and Riesling, which are grown in cooler regions of the country. In addition, Chile is known for producing high-quality dessert wines, particularly those made from the late-harvested grapes such as Gewürztraminer.