Tuscany is a central Italian region beamming with heavy hitters. Sangiovese based red wines are synonymous with Tuscany, covering popular styles & sub regions like Brunello, Chianti, Montelpulciano, and more. Super Tuscans have become another big name from the region with popular names like Sassicaia, Ornellaia being heavily sought after internationally.
Regional History & Terroir: Tuscany has a winemaking heritage that dates back centuries, with evidence of vine cultivation and wine production dating to Etruscan times. The region is blessed with diverse terroirs, ranging from hilly landscapes to coastal areas. The climate is Mediterranean, characterized by hot summers and mild winters, with a significant diurnal temperature variation that allows grapes to ripen slowly and develop complex flavors. The region's soils vary but are predominantly a mix of clay, limestone, and sandstone, contributing to the distinct characteristics of Tuscan wines.
Typical Grape Varietals: Tuscany is home to a variety of grape varietals, both indigenous and international. Sangiovese is the star of the region, used in the production of renowned wines such as Chianti, Brunello di Montalcino, and Vino Nobile di Montepulciano. Sangiovese wines typically exhibit flavors of red cherries, wild berries, and herbal notes, with a structure that can range from elegant to powerful. Other red grape varietals grown in Tuscany include Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, and Syrah. For white wines, Vernaccia di San Gimignano and Trebbiano are notable varietals cultivated in the region.
Regional Wine Styles: Tuscany is celebrated for its exceptional red wines, which showcase a range of styles and expressions. Chianti, with its distinctive black rooster emblem, is a renowned Tuscan wine, known for its fruit-forward character, balanced acidity, and smooth tannins. Brunello di Montalcino is a prestigious and age-worthy red wine, crafted exclusively from Sangiovese grapes grown in the Montalcino area, and is revered for its complexity, depth, and ability to age gracefully. Super Tuscans are an unofficial superstar of Tuscany, and while the blends do not follow Italian winemaking laws, have made such a name for themselves that it led to the creation of the IGT designation which promoted creativity across Italy
The rolling hills, historic towns, and vineyard-dotted landscapes add to the charm of wine tourism in Tuscany. The region's wines have achieved global acclaim and continue to captivate wine enthusiasts with their authenticity, character, and the timeless allure of "la dolce vita." Read up more here!