Lombardy is a region in northern Italy, with a continental climate that is moderated by the presence of the Alps to the north. The area is known for producing a wide range of wines, including red, white, and sparkling varieties. One of the most famous wines from Lombardy is Franciacorta, which is a high-quality sparkling wine made in the traditional Champagne method. It is produced mainly from the Chardonnay and Pinot Noir grape varieties. The region is also known for its red wines, particularly those made from the Nebbiolo grape, such as Valtellina Superiore, which is produced in the Valtellina valley. Other notable red varieties include Barbera, Pinot Noir, and Merlot. White wines from the region are often made from the Pinot Blanc, Chardonnay, and Trebbiano grapes, with Lugana being a particularly popular white wine. Finally, the region also produces a dessert wine called Sforzato di Valtellina, which is made from dried grapes of the Nebbiolo variety.