Campania, located in southern Italy, is a region steeped in history and ancient viticulture. With a landscape that includes fertile plains, volcanic soils, and coastal vineyards, Campania has emerged as a region that produces wines of exceptional quality and character. From the iconic Aglianico reds to the aromatic whites of Fiano and Greco, Campania's wines are a reflection of its unique terroir and cultural heritage.
Winemaking History & Terroir
Campania boasts a winemaking history that dates back to ancient times. The Greeks, who settled in the region around 800 BC, recognized its viticultural potential and introduced grape varieties that continue to thrive today. The volcanic soils of Mount Vesuvius and the mineral-rich terroir contribute to the distinctiveness of Campanian wines.
Common Grape Varietals & Wine Styles
Campania is home to a variety of indigenous grape varieties that have found a perfect home in its diverse terroir. Some of the key grape varieties include:
Known as the "Barolo of the South," Aglianico produces robust and structured red wines. Taurasi, one of the most prestigious DOCG (Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita) wines of southern Italy, is made from Aglianico grapes grown in the region.
Fiano is a white grape variety that thrives in the volcanic soils of Campania. Wines made from Fiano are aromatic, with notes of pear, hazelnut, and a distinctive minerality. Fiano di Avellino is a renowned DOCG wine from the region.
Greco di Tufo, another prestigious DOCG wine, is crafted from the Greco grape. These white wines are characterized by their floral aromas, citrus notes, and crisp acidity.
This white grape variety produces wines with lively acidity and bright citrus flavors. Falanghina wines are often enjoyed as refreshing choices, particularly in the warm climate of Campania.
Major Winemaking Regions
Campania is home to several Denominazioni di Origine Controllata (DOC) and DOCG areas, each with its own unique characteristics:
Known for its Aglianico-based red wines, Taurasi is one of the most prestigious wine regions in Campania. The volcanic soils impart complexity and structure to the wines.
Fiano di Avellino
This DOCG area is dedicated to the production of high-quality Fiano wines. The elevated vineyards contribute to the freshness and elegance of these white wines.
Greco di Tufo
Renowned for its Greco wines, Greco di Tufo is characterized by its limestone-rich soils. The wines are aromatic, with a distinctive minerality.
In conclusion, Campania stands as a viticultural treasure trove within Italy, offering a diverse array of wines that capture the essence of the region's terroir and cultural heritage. From the powerful Aglianico reds to the elegant Fiano and Greco whites, Campanian wines invite enthusiasts on a journey through the sun-drenched landscapes and ancient traditions of this remarkable southern Italian region