Domaine Yves Cuilleron
The Cuilleron family domaine, located in the hamlet of Verlieu (part of the town of Chavanay) was founded in 1920. Yves Cuilleron’s grandfather planted their first vines in 1920 and began bottling his own wine in 1947. Antoine Cuilleron, the uncle and immediate predecessor of Yves, assumed control of the domaine in 1960. He significantly increased the percentage of wine bottled at the estate and extended the scope of the domaine.
Yves Cuilleron likes good food and fine wine, and makes no secret of this. Viticulture has been in his blood for three generations so it was only natural for him to take over the family vineyard in 1987. Since then, Yves has built an entirely new facility while acquiring additional vineyard property at the same time. The domaine now has 52 hectares of vineyards that cover multiple appellations, including principally, Condrieu, Saint Joseph Rouge and Blanc, Cote Rotie, Saint Péray and a series of Vin de Pays from the Collines Rhodaniennes. They have represented the domaine since the early 1980s, when they began their collaboration with Antoine Cuilleron and began to import his Condrieu and Saint Joseph Rouge.
Most of the vineyards are situated in and around the commune of Chavanay, which is just south of the town of Condrieu; obviously, the holdings in Cote Rotie extend north into Ampuis and the holdings the furthest south are in the village of Saint Péray. A large majority of the vineyards are set on terraces which makes most mechanisation difficult, if not impossible. Thus, much of the vineyard work continues to be done by hand and using sustainable agricultural practices. To control yields, Cuilleron does extensive debudding and, when necessary, practices a “green harvest”.
In the cave, the grapes (harvested manually) are fermented using indigenous yeasts. The fermentations of the appellation controlée white wines are done in small barrel of one to four years age; malolactic fermentations are done in barrel as well and the elevage continues for nine months before the wines are bottled. The whites are in constant contact with the lees during elevage with regular batonnage. The whites are lightly filtered before bottling. The AOC reds are partially destemmed and the fermentation occurs in open top cuves for approximately three weeks. Pigeage and remontage are done regularly throughout the cuvaison. After the alcoholic fermentation the reds are racked into small barrel (aged between one and four years) for an elevage of approximately eighteen months. The reds are bottled with an egg-white fining but no filtration. The Vins de Pays undergo a more brief elevage (between six to eight months), some in barrel and some in stainless steel, depending on the cuvée.